心理发展与教育 ›› 2023, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 31-39.doi: 10.16187/j.cnki.issn1001-4918.2023.01.04

• 认知与社会性发展 • 上一篇    下一篇


苏志强, 马郑豫   

  1. 长江师范学院教师教育学院, 重庆 408100
  • 发布日期:2023-01-10
  • 通讯作者: 马郑豫 E-mail:mzy0911@163.com
  • 基金资助:

The Relationship between the Friendship Quality and Loneliness during Childhood: Analysis of the Covariant Effects of Coping Styles

SU Zhiqiang, MA Zhengyu   

  1. Faculty of Teacher Education, Yangtze Normal University, Chongqing 408100
  • Published:2023-01-10

摘要: 为了揭示童年期友谊质量与孤独感的纵向发展关系,以771名小学3、4年级学生为对象,采用友谊质量问卷、孤独感问卷和应对方式问卷进行了为期2年的纵向追踪。结果表明:(1)在纵向发展上,童年期儿童的友谊质量无法持续稳定地预测孤独感的纵向发展,但孤独感可以持续显著预测友谊质量的发展;(2)童年期儿童的应对方式既可以显著预测友谊质量的纵向发展,也可以显著预测孤独感的纵向发展。结论:在纵向发展上,童年期儿童的友谊质量与孤独感呈共同变化关系,两者的发展轨迹均受第三因素——应对方式发展的影响。

关键词: 友谊质量, 孤独感, 应对方式, 共同变化, 儿童

Abstract: In order to reveal the development relationship between friendship quality and loneliness during childhood. This study targeted 771 elementary school students in grades 3 and 4, and through the use of The friendship quality scale, Loneliness questionnaire and the coping style scale, we conducted a 2-year longitudinal tracking study. The result shows:(1) In term of the longitudinal development, the friendship quality of childhood children cannot continuously and stably predict the development of loneliness, but the loneliness can continue to significantly predict the development of friendship quality; (2) The coping styles can significantly predict the development of friendship quality, and also the development of loneliness. Conclusion:In term of the longitudinal development, the relationship between the friendship quality and loneliness during childhood shows a covariation relationship, and both of them are influenced by the third factor, the development of coping styles.

Key words: friendship quality, loneliness, coping styles, common change, children


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