心理发展与教育 ›› 2023, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 1-11.doi: 10.16187/j.cnki.issn1001-4918.2023.01.01

• 认知与社会性发展 •    下一篇


于晓1, 张和颐2, 戚玥3,4, 陈英和3,4, 刘浩宁1, 赵煜燨1, 乔学文5   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学人文社会科学学院心理学系, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京师范大学教育学部, 北京 100875;
    3. 北京师范大学心理学部, 北京 100875;
    4. 北京师范大学发展心理研究院, 北京 100875;
    5. 山东省威海市文登区特殊教育学校, 威海 264400
  • 发布日期:2023-01-10
  • 通讯作者: 于晓 E-mail:yx0903yingzhong@163.com
  • 基金资助:

The Role of Inhibitory Control in the Development of Analogical Mapping: Cognitive Load Matters

YU Xiao1, ZHANG Heyi2, QI Yue3,4, CHEN Yinghe3,4, LIU Haoning1, ZHAO Yuxi1, QIAO Xuewen5   

  1. 1. Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083;
    2. Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    3. Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    4. Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    5. Special Education School in Wendeng District, Weihai 264400
  • Published:2023-01-10

摘要: 本研究采用负启动范式,设置不同的认知负荷任务,探究抑制控制在儿童和成人类比映射中的作用。实验一中,31名7岁儿童、33名10岁儿童和34名成人完成高认知负荷的相对大小类比映射的负启动任务。结果表明,所有群体均出现负启动效应,且负启动效应随年龄增长而减小。实验二中,30名7岁儿童、30名10岁儿童和32名成人完成低认知负荷的相对大小类比映射的负启动任务。结果表明,所有群体均出现负启动效应,但负启动效应无显著年龄差异。本研究的结果揭示了抑制控制和认知负荷在类比映射发展中的重要作用。

关键词: 类比映射, 儿童, 抑制控制, 负启动, 认知负荷

Abstract: The negative priming (i.e., hereafter referred to as NP) paradigm was designed to provide evidence that inhibitory control is important in situations that contain conflicting information. This study aimed to investigate the role of inhibitory control and cognitive load in analogical mapping with the NP paradigm among children at different ages and adults. In Experiment 1, thirty-one 7-year-olds, thirty-three 10-year-olds, and thirty-four adults were administered with a high-cognitive-load NP analogical size-mapping task. Findings demonstrated that the NP effects in all participants and the effects decreased with age. In Experiment 2, thirty 7-year-olds, thirty 10-year-olds, and thirty-two adults completed a similar task of which the cognitive load was lower than the task in Experiment 1.Results showed the NP effects across all age groups, while there was no age difference in Experiment 2.The current study suggests the importance of inhibitory control and cognitive load in the development of analogical mapping.

Key words: analogical mapping, children, inhibitory control, negative priming, cognitive load


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